Developing Skills and Attributes
The curriculum aims to ensure that all children and young people in Scotland develop the attributes, knowledge and skills they will need to flourish in life, learning and work. This is encapsulated in the four capacities – to enable each child or young person to be a successful learner, a confident individual, a responsible citizen and an effective contributor.
The Four Capacities
• Successful Learners
• Confident Individuals
• Responsible Citizens
• Effective Contributors
The Seven Principles of Curriculum Design
All learning must take account of these principles:
• Challenge and Enjoyment
• Personalisation and Choice
The Eight Curriculum Areas
Containing a range of subjects:
- Expressive Arts – including art and design, dance, drama and music
- Health and Wellbeing – mental, emotional, social and physical wellbeing, physical education, food and health, substance misuse and relationships, sexual health and parenthood
- Languages – listening and talking, reading and writing in literacy and English and modern languages, plus classical languages and literacy and Gàidhlig/Gaelic learners (where available)
- Mathematics – including analysing information, solving problems and assessing risk
- Religious and Moral Education (denominational and non-
denominational) – learning about Christianity, other world religions, and developing values and beliefs
- Sciences – understanding important scientific concepts across planet Earth, forces, electricity and waves, biological systems, materials and topical science
- Social Studies – understanding people, place and society in the past and present including history, geography, modern studies and business education
- Technologies – including computing science, food, textiles, craft, design, engineering, graphics and applied technologies
- Literacy across learning – talking, listening, reading and writing (including using digital communications)
- Numeracy across learning – including money, time, and measurement
- Health and Wellbeing across learning – including making informed choices for a healthy lifestyle
Important themes across the curriculum are creativity, enterprise and global citizenship, which includes sustainable development, international education and citizenship.
Experiences and Outcomes
Each curriculum area is broken down to a set of experiences and outcomes (often referred to as the ‘Es and Os’):
- Experience – describes the learning.
- Outcome – what the learning will achieve. This is often explained, from the pupil’s perspective, as an ‘I can’ statement.
There are national levels to describe different stages of learning and progress. For most* children, the expectation is:
- Early Level – pre-
school to the end of P1.
- First Level – to the end of P4.
- Second Level – to the end of P7.
- Third and Fourth Levels – S1 to S3, with the fourth level broadly equivalent to SCQF level 4.
- Senior Phase (see Entitlements) – S4 to S6, and equivalents in other settings, where they can continue to develop the four capacities and achieve qualifications.
*but can be earlier/later for some as applicable, depending upon individual needs and aptitudes.
All young people are entitled to:
- A coherent curriculum – smooth progression through the experiences and outcomes.
- A broad general education – the period from age 3 to the end of S3, covering all of the experiences and outcomes across all curriculum areas up to and including the third level, and further experiences and outcomes at the fourth level, chosen to provide greater specialisation and depth.
- Support – assistance to help learners access the curriculum, for example because of short –
or longer- term needs or circumstances, and help to build resilience.
- Skills for learning, life and work – to develop pre-
vocational, enterprising and employability skills, personal skills, high levels of cognitive skills and the opportunity to put learning into a practical context.
- A senior phase – to prepare for qualifications and develop skills for future learning, life and work.
- Positive destinations – to support young people to move successfully on to work or further study